top of page
< Back

Cognitive Disorders

Cognitive & Behavioral Skills

Image by Adrian Swancar

Cognitive disorders therapy is designed to help individuals with cognitive impairments develop strategies and skills to manage and improve their cognitive functioning. The therapy begins with a thorough assessment by a speech-language pathologist (SLP), occupational therapist (OT), or neuropsychologist to identify specific cognitive deficits and tailor the therapy plan accordingly.

Therapy sessions may include a variety of activities and exercises targeting different cognitive domains:

Memory Training:

Techniques to improve short-term and long-term memory, such as mnemonic devices, visual imagery, and spaced retrieval exercises. The therapist may also teach strategies for organizing information and creating effective memory aids.

Attention and Concentration:

Activities to enhance sustained, selective, and divided attention. This may involve tasks that require focusing on specific details, ignoring distractions, and multitasking exercises.

Executive Functioning:

Exercises to improve planning, organization, time management, and decision-making skills. The therapist may use real-life scenarios and problem-solving tasks to help individuals practice these skills.

Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking:

Activities designed to enhance logical reasoning, hypothesis testing, and strategic thinking. These may include puzzles, brainteasers, and structured problem-solving tasks.

Language and Communication:

For individuals with language-related cognitive deficits, the therapy may include activities to improve word retrieval, comprehension, and verbal expression.

The therapy also involves teaching compensatory strategies to help individuals cope with cognitive deficits in daily life. This may include the use of calendars, to-do lists, alarms, and other organizational tools. The therapist provides education and training to both the individual and their caregivers to support the application of these strategies in everyday settings.

Regular assessments are conducted to monitor progress, adjust the therapy plan as needed, and ensure that the therapy remains aligned with the individual’s evolving needs and goals.


Cindy Knighton MS SLP-CCC

As the founder of Speech for Success, LLC, Cindy brings a wealth of experience to her role as a speech-language pathologist.

bottom of page